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1. L. Genicot, Les généalogies, Typologie des sources du moyen âge occidental 15 (Turnhout 1975).

2. Arno Borst, Der Turmbau von Babel: Geschichte der Meinungen über Ursprung und Vielfalt der Sprachen und Völker (4 vols, Stuttgart 1957-63), ii/1 609.

3. G. Mac Niocaill, The medieval Irish annals (Dublin 1975); Katheleen Hughes, Early christian Ireland: introduction to the sources (London 1972) 97-159.

4. D. A. Binchy (ed), Corpus Iuris Hibernici (6 vols, Dublin 1978); Fergus Kelly, A guide to early Irish law (Dublin 1988).

5. Pádraig Ó Riain,`The book of Glendalough', Éigse 18 (1981) 161-76; F. J. Byrne, 1000 years of Irish script (Oxford: Bodleian Library 1979) 13. For O'Brien's edition of this text, see note 15.

6. W. O'Sullivan, `Notes on the scripts and make-up of the Book of Leinster', Celtica 7 (1966) 1-31.

7. R. Atkinson, The Book of Ballymote (Dublin 1887); K. Mulchrone in Catalogue of Irish manuscripts in the Royal Irish Academy, fasc. 13, 1610-55; Tomás Ó Concheanainn, `The Book of Ballymote', Celtica 14 (1981) 15-25.

8. K. Mulchrone (ed), The Book of Lecan, Facsimiles in Collotype of Irish Manuscripts II (Dublin 1937); Tomás Ó Concheanainn, `Gilla Ísa Mac Fir Bhisigh and a scribe of his school', Ériu 25 (1974) 157-71; idem, `Scríobaithe Leacáin Mhic Fhir Bhisigh', Celtica 19 (1987) 141-75.

9. J. O'Donovan, The tribes and customs of Hy Many (Dublin 1843; repr. Cork 1976); idem, The tribes and customs of Hy Fiachrach (Dublin 1844); idem, Miscellany of the Celtic Society (Dublin 1849); idem, `The Formorians and the Lochlanns', Ulster J Archaeol ser 1 9 (1861-62) 94-105.

10. Eoin Mac Neill, Celtic Ireland (Dublin 1921, repr. Dublin 1981) 44.

11. Standish O'Grady, Catalogue of Irish manuscripts in the British Museum i (London 1926, repr. Dublin 1992).

12. Kuno Meyer, `The Laud genealogies and tribal histories', Z Celt Philol 8 (1912) 290-338; Paul Walsh, Genealogiae regum et sanctorum Hiberniae (Maynooth 1918); Tadhg Ó Donnchadha, An Leabhar Muimhneach (Dublin 1940).

13. F. X. Martin, `The published writings of Eoin Mac Neill', in F. X. Martin and F. J. Byrne (ed), The scholar revolutionary: Eoin Mac Neill, 1867-1945 (Shannon 1973) 327-53.

14. J. Brady, `The writings of Paul Walsh', Ir Hist Stud 3 (1942-43) 193-208.

15. M. A. O'Brien (ed), Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae (Dublin 1962); F. J. Byrne, [Review of Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae], Z Celt Philol 29 (1964) 381-85; John V. Kelleher, `The pre-Norman Irish genealogies', Ir Hist Stud 16 (1968) 138-53; Hughes, Early christian Ireland, 160-62.

16. D. Ó Corráin, `Irish origin legends and genealogy: recurrent aetiologies', in Tore Nyberg, Iørn Piø, P. M. Sørenen and A. Trommer (ed), History and heroic tale (Odense 1985) 51-96.

17. Georges Duby, `Structures de parenté et noblesse: France du nord XIe-XIIe siècles', in Miscellanea medievalia in memoriam Jan Frederik Niermeyer (Groningen 1967) 149-65; idem, `Remarques sur la littérature généalogique en France aux XIe et XIIe siècles', Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions (1967) 335-45; idem, `Structures familiales dans le moyen âge occidental', XIII Congrès des Sciences Historiques: Moscou, 1-8; Eckhard Freise, `Die "Genelogia Arnulfi comitis" des Priesters Witger', Frühmittelalterliche Studien 23 (1989) 203-43.

18. D. Ó Corráin, `Uí Chobthaigh and their pedigrees', Ériu 30 (1979) 168-73.

19. For examples see D. Ó Corráin, `Later Eóganacht pedigrees', J Cork Hist Archaeol Soc 74 (1969) 141-46; idem, `Lugaid Cál and the Callraige', Éigse 13 (1970) 225-26; idem, `The families of Corcumroe', N Munster Antiq J 17 (1975) 21-30.

20. Kelleher, `Pre-Norman Irish genealogies', 147.

21. C. E. Bosworth, `The heritage of rulership in early Islamic Iran and the search for dynastic connections with the past', Iran 11 (1973) 51-62; G. Spiegel, `The Reditus regni ad stirpem Karoli Magni: a new look', French Hist Stud 7 (1981) 145-74; eadem, `Genealogy: form and function in medieval historical narrative', History & Theory 22 (1983) 43-53; David P. Henige, The chonology of oral tradition (Oxford 1974); Jan Vansina, Oral tradition (London 1965); L. Bohannan, `A genealogical charter', Africa 22 (1952) 301-15; I. M. Lewis, `Historical aspects of genealogies in northern Somali social structure', J African Hist 3 (1962) 35-48.

22. This text (part of a historical poem in 111 quatrains, `A rí ríchid réidig dam') occurs uniquely in Best et al. (ed), Book of Leinster iii (Dublin 1957) 574-87: 579. This passage is edited and translated by Eoin Mac Neill (`Early Irish population groups: their nomenclature, classification and chronology', Proc Roy Ir Acad (C) 29 (1911) 59-114: 93) and by Kuno Meyer (`Miscellanea Hibernica', Univ Illinois Stud in Lang and Lit ii (Urbana IL 1916 [1917]) 9). Gilla in Chomded is the author of another poem on the origin of Irish law (Peter Smith, `Aimirgin glúngel tuir tend: a Middle-Irish poem on the authors and laws of Ireland', Peritia 8 (1994) 120-50). Evidently, he was a well-rounded monastic scholar and teacher of literature, law and history.

23. Les généalogies, 14.

24. `Kingship, genealogies and regnal lists', in P. H. Sawyer and I. N. Wood (ed), Early medieval kingship (Leeds 1977) 72-104: 84.

25. Binchy, Corpus Iuris Hibernici, 2103; R. Thurneysen, `Aus dem irischen Recht V', Z Celt Philol 18 (1930) 362-64: 364 §41; R. M. Smith (ed), `Urchuillti Bretheman', in J. Fraser et al. (ed), Irish Texts iv (London 1934) 24-27: 27 §15.

26. K. Meyer, `Laud genealogies and tribal histories', Z Celt Philol 8 (1912) 330.14; O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 411.

27. This text is found in: Dublin, Trinity College, H 2, 7. 84.17; Book of Lecan, 101vb40; and Book of Ballymote, 150b43. Do Brio (Da Brio, Lec; Doiblia, BB) is a hypocoristic form of Briön. Anblomath (Anblomath, BB; Anbloimach, Lec): cp. gen. Anfolmithe, Stokes & Strachan, Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus ii (Cambridge 1903) 238.16 and Ogam ANAVLAMATTIAS. Mael Achdaen (Mael Aithgen, BB; Mael Ochtain, Lec).

28. James Carney, `The dating of archaic Irish verse', in S. N. Tranter and H. L. C. Tristram (ed), Early Irish literature: media and communications, ScriptOralia 10 (Tübingen 1989) 39-55; idem, `The dating of early Irish verse texts, 500-1100', Éigse 19 (1982-83) 177-216.

29. He sees `Nuadu Necht ní dámair anfhlaith' §21-32 (O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 1-3) and `Nidu dír dermait' §§1-22 (ibid. 8-9) as the beginning and the end of a single poem.

30. Kuno Meyer, `Über die älteste irische Dichtung', Abh K Preuss Akad Wiss phil-hist Kl 10 Jhrg 1913 (Berlin 1914) 22-23. Meyer was unaware of the copy of the poem in Book of Lecan, 99va that has the unsyncopated readings Bresuail (for Bressail) and Caramuin (for Carmain).

31. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 4-7. Carney regards only §§1-21 as early. James Carney, `Three Old Irish accentual poems', Ériu 22 (1971) 23-80: 65-73.

32. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 1; Meyer (ed. & trans.), `Irische Dichtung', 10-11; M. Dillon (ed. & trans.), `The consecration of Irish kings', Celtica 10 (1973) 7; Carney (ed. & trans.), `Dating of archaic Irish verse', 46-47.

33. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 20; Meyer (ed. & trans.), `Irische Dichtung', 6-7; Carney (ed. & trans.), `Dating of archaic Irish verse', 47-48.

34. In the genealogies the text is introduced with the words: Art Mes Telmann díbad a chlann; is lais con-rótacht Múr nAlinne licet antea ciuitas regalis fuit, ut poeta `Art Mes Telman: his family is extinct; the rampart of Alenn was built by him though it was a royal citadel before as the poet [says]'. Cf. Bernard Wailes, `The Irish "royal sites" in history and archaeology', Cambridge Mediev Celt Stud 3 (1982) 1-23.

35. K. Müller-Lisowski, `Texte zur Mog Ruith Sage', Z Celt Philol 14 (1923) 145-63, 422; eadem, `La légende de St Jean dans la tradition irlandaise et le druide Mog Ruith', Études Celtiques 3 (1938) 46-70.

36. dodurbbianu dodurbbianae, H; De duirbiano Duirbianae, Lec; durb biana, UM. The restoration is highly conjectural.

37. Dublin, Trinity College Library, H 2,7, 142c7; Book of Lecan, 124rb13; cf. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 279-80; R. A. S. Macalister (ed), Book of Uí Maine, Facsimiles in Collotype of Irish Manuscripts IV (Dublin 1942) 19vb56 has a paraphrase of the text.

38. Note the vocalism in Maug Ríb, Maug Manach, later Mug. The name Ciara (<Cérai, Ogham QUERAI) is an eponym extracted from Ciarraige.

39. Dublin, Trinity College Library, H 2,7, 160.25.

40. P. Ó Riain, `St Finnbarr: a study of a cult', J Cork Hist Archaeol Soc 82 (1977) 63-82; idem, `Another Cork charter: the Life of Saint Finbarr', ibid. 90 (1985) 1-13. The genealogies---though not the one under discussion---are edited in P. Ó Riain, Corpus genealogiarum sanctorum Hiberniae (Dublin 1985).

41. C. Plummer, Vitae sanctorum Hiberniae (2 vols, Oxford 1910), i 64.

42. Dublin, Trinity College Library, H 2, 7, 162.

43. R. Thurneysen, `Colmán mac Lénéni und Senchán Torpéist', Z Celt Philol 19 (1933) 193-209; Kuno Meyer, The triads of Ireland, Todd Lecture Series 13 (Dublin 1906) 2 (Féineachas hÉrenn Cluain hÚama `The jurisprudence of Ireland-Cloyne').

44. Ó Riain, Corp Gen SS Hib, §215. The Rothrige are listed amongst the subject communities of the Déisi of Munster (M. E. Dobbs, `Miscellany from H. 2. 7', Z Celt Philol 21 (1939) 309 §1; Kuno Meyer, `The expulsion of the Dessi', Y Cymmrodor 14 (1901) 126=idem, `The expulsion of the Déssi', Ériu 3 (1907) 139.124 (where they are descendants of the son of Mug Ruith).

45. Text: Kuno Meyer, `Conall Corc and the Corco Luigde', in O. J. Bergin et al. (ed), Anecdota from Irish manuscripts iii (Halle a.S & Dublin 1910) 57-63. Translation and commentary: Vernam Hull, `Conall Corc and the Corco Luigde', PMLA 62 (1947) 887-909.

46. Hull, op. cit., 888-92.

47. Dublin, Trinity College Library, H 3, 17, 751.21 = H 3, 17, 845.26.

48. Michael Herren, `The authorship, date of composition and provenance of the so-called Lorica Gildae', Ériu 24 (1973) 35-51; M. Adriaen (ed), Egloga quam scripsit Lathcen filius Baith de Moralibus Iob quas Gregorius fecit, CCSL 145 (Turhout 1969); L. Gougaud, `Le témoignage des manuscrits sur l'oeuvre du moine Lathcen', Revue Celtique 30 (1909) 37-46.

49. C. Zangmeister, Pauli Orosii Historiarum adversum paganos libri VII, CSEL 5 (Vienna 1882) 9-40 (i 2); Borst, Turmbau von Babel, 412-13.

50. Borst, Turmbau von Babel, 446, 451.

51. ibid. 455.

52. K. Hughes, The church in early Irish society (London 1966) 166-72; D. Ó Corráin, `The early Irish churches: some aspects of organisation', in D. Ó Corráin (ed), Irish antiquity (Cork 1981) 327-41.

53. R. Baumgarten, `The geographical orientation of Ireland in Isidore and Orosius', Peritia 3 (1984) 189-203.

54. R. A. S. Macalister (ed), Lebor Gabála Érenn, ITS 34-35, 39, 41, 44 (5 vols, Dublin 1938-56)---an unsatisfactory edition (see reviews by Paul Walsh Ir Hist Stud 2 (1940-41) 88-89, 330-33 and D. A. Binchy, Celtica 2 (1952-54) 195-209). Commentary: R. Thurneysen, `Zu irischen Handschriften und Litteraturdenkmälern', Abh kg Ges Wiss Göttingen, phil-hist Kl 14, No 2 (Berlin 1913) 3-9; A. G. Van Hamel, `On Lebor Gabála', Z Celt Philol 10 (1915) 97-197; R. Thurneysen, `Zum Lebor Gabála', ibid. 384-95; R. Mark Scowcroft, `Leabhar Gabhála-part I: the growth of the text', Ériu 38 (1987) 81-142; idem, `Leabhar Gabála-part II: the growth of the tradition', ibid. 39 (1988) 1-66.

55. `Leabhar Gabála-part II: the growth of the tradition', 13-14.

56. Book of Lecan, 224rd7 = Book of Ballymote, 196c14 = Dublin, Trinity College Library, H 3, 17, col. 761; cf. Book of Lecan, 102vc13. D. Ó Corráin, `Historical need and literary narrative', in D. Ellis Evans et al. (ed), Proceedings of the seventh international congress of Celtic Studies ... Oxford (Oxford 1986) 141-58: 153-566.

57. T. F. O'Rahilly, `Notes mainly etymological', Ériu 13 (1942) 184-88.

58. Book of Lecan, 102vb47.

59. K. Meyer, `Laud genealogies and tribal histories', Z Celt Philol 8 (1912) 291-338: 291-2; O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 129-30.

60. B. Colgrave and R. A. B. Mynors, Bede's Ecclesiastical history of the English people (Oxford 1969) 50-51 (i 15).

61. K. Sisam, `Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies', Proc Br Acad 39 (1953) 287-348.

62. Abraham Malamat, `King lists of the Old Babylonian period and biblical genealogies', in William W. Hallo (ed), Essays in memory of E. A. Spenser, American Oriental Series 53 (New Haven CN 1968) 163-73: 163.

63. Texts: Myles Dillon (ed. & trans.), `Timna Chathaír Máir' in his Lebor na Cert, ITS 46 (Dublin 1962) 148-78; Kuno Meyer (ed), `Do bunad imthechta Eoganachta in so', Laud genealogies and tribal histories, 312-14. Comment: D.Ó Corráin, `Irish origin legends and genealogy', 53-54.

64. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hiberniae, 144 (Airgialla).

65. ibid. 183; Fer Dá Chrích (d. 768) was abbot of Armagh; Suibne (d. 730) was abbot and bishop of Armagh; Rónán (d. 632); Fiachra Cassán was apical ancestor of Ind Airthir, the clerical lineage that controlled Armagh.

66. O'Brien, Corpus genealogiarum Hibernaie, 66 (Laigin).

67. Ó Corráin, `Historical need and literary narrative', passim; idem, `Legend as critic', in T. Dunne (ed), The writer as witness, Historical Studies 16 (Cork 1987) 23-38.

68. See Léon Poliakov, Le mythe aryen (Paris 1987, first publ. 1971) 29-146, for comparative materials from elsewhere in Europe.

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